Post Total Knee Replacement (TKR) Rehabilitation

Post Total Knee Replacement (TKR) Rehabilitation

Post Total Knee Replacement (TKR) Rehabilitation

Post Total Knee Replacement (TKR) Rehabilitation:

Total knee replacement (TKR) surgery is a procedure to replace the damaged knee joint with an artificial one. It is a common surgery for people with severe knee pain and arthritis.

The goal of TKR surgery is to relieve pain, improve function, and restore range of motion in the knee. The surgery is typically successful in achieving these goals, but it does require rehabilitation to help you regain your strength and mobility.

Rehabilitation after TKR surgery typically lasts about 12 weeks. During this time, you will work with a physical therapist to do exercises that will help you:

  • Strengthen the muscles around your knee
  • Improve your range of motion
  • Learn how to walk and climb stairs without pain

The exercises you do will gradually become more challenging as you get stronger. You may also use heat, ice, and massage to help relieve pain and swelling.

Most people can walk without an assistive device after 3 weeks of surgery. However, it may take several months to fully recover and return to all of your activities.

Here are some tips for a successful TKR rehabilitation:

  • Be patient. It takes time to recover from TKR surgery. Don't get discouraged if you don't see results immediately.
  • Follow your doctor's instructions. This includes taking your medications, doing your exercises, and avoiding activities that put too much stress on your knee.
  • Stay active. Even if you're not feeling up to it, try to do some activity every day. This will help you stay strong and improve your range of motion.
  • Don't be afraid to ask for help. If you're struggling with your rehabilitation, talk to your doctor or physical therapist. They can help you adjust your plan or provide additional support.
  • With patience and hard work, you can recover from TKR surgery and enjoy a pain-free, active lifestyle.

Here are some specific exercises that you may do during your TKR rehabilitation:

Range-of-motion exercises: These exercises help to improve the flexibility of your knee. You can do these exercises by bending and straightening your knee, and by rotating your leg.

Strengthening exercises: These exercises help to strengthen the muscles around your knee. You can do these exercises by lifting weights, using resistance bands, or doing exercises that work against gravity.

Balance exercises: These exercises help to improve your balance and coordination. You can do these exercises by standing on one leg, or by walking heel-to-toe.

Functional exercises: These exercises help you to regain the ability to do everyday activities, such as walking, climbing stairs, and getting in and out of a car.

Your physical therapist will help you choose the right exercises for you and will gradually increase the difficulty of the exercises as you get stronger.

Here are some other things to keep in mind during your TKR rehabilitation:

  • Wear compression stockings to help reduce swelling.
  • Elevate your leg when you're sitting or lying down.
  • Avoid putting too much weight on your knee.
  • Use a cane or walker if needed for support.
  • Get enough rest.
  • Eat a healthy diet.
  • Stay hydrated.

If you have any questions or concerns about your TKR rehabilitation, be sure to talk to the physical therapist. They can help you make sure that you're recovering safely and effectively.

By Dr. Bharti Bansiwal (Physiotherapist)